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Kuatkuasa GST: Rakyat jadi mangsa tabiat boros Menteri Kewangan

April 9, 2014

KUALA LUMPUR: Selagi tiada perubahan pada sikap menteri kewangan, selagi itu rakyat di negara ini bakal dibebankan dengan pelbagai bayaran termasuk yang terbaru Cukai Barangan dan Perkhidmatan (GST) yang diluluskan Dewan Rakyat kelmarin.

Pengarah Pusat Penyelidikan PAS, Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad (gambar) berkata, memang benar GST bakal menjana pendapatan besar kepada negara namun selagi masalah sikap tidak diubah, tiada guna cukai baru diperkenal melainkan hanya menyusahkan rakyat.

“Apa tabiatnya? Berbelanja besar masa mewah dan masa meleset, mudah buat bajet tambahan, beri kepada kroni secara direct-nego, masih kekal monopoli dan konsesi-konsesi, ketirisan dan rasuah masih di takuk lama.

“Ini Ketua Audit Negara yang laporkan setiap tahun berlaku perkara sama,” kata beliau kepada Harakahdaily.

Kelmarin, Dewan Rakyat meluluskan Rang Undang-undang GST selepas melalui dua hari perbahasan untuk bacaan kali kedua.

Pengundian belah bahagi menyaksikan 118 ahli parlimen BN menyokong sementara 81 ahli parlimen Pakatan Rakyat menyatakan tidak bersetuju.

GST yang dijadual dilaksanakan pada April tahun hadapan dijangka bakal memberi tambahan pendapatan negara sebayak RM3 bilion untuk tahun pertama dan unjuran sehingga RM20 bilion pada keadaan optimanya.

Mengulas lanjut, Dzulkefly yang juga Ahli Jawatankuasa PAS Pusat berkata, kerajaan tidak wajar menyalahkan pemberian subsidi sebagai punca kebejatan kewangan negara sehingga menghalalkan perlaksanaan GST.

Hutang kerajaan Pusat katanya bukanlah disebabkan oleh faktor subsidi sahaja, dan jika sekalipun benar, ianya hanya sedikit.

Tetapi kata beliau, punca lebih besar adalah cara pengurusan kewangan negara yang tidak berhemat.

Beliau turut meminta Menteri Kewangan Datuk Seri Najib Razak menjelaskan punca kerajaan BN menanggung defisit fiskal terus menerus selama 16 tahun dan hutang Kerajaan Persekutuan yang telah mencecah hampir 55% dari KDNK walaupun tidak diizinkan Akta Pinjaman Tempatan 1959.

“Negara memerlukan seorang Menteri Kewangan yang tinggi hemahnya, beramanah-integriti, sepenuh-masa, cermat, tekun, akumen kewangan yg tajam, tak diganggu-gugat oleh kepentingan kroni.

“GST boleh jana pendapatan yang mewah berbilion ringgit, tapi yang mesti berubah menteri kewangan dan tabiatnya,” katanya.

GST lulus: Apakah Najib akan ubah tatakelola kewangannya?

April 9, 2014

April 09, 2014 (TMI)

Dzulkefly Ahmad
Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad is a member of the PAS central working committee and ex-MP of Kuala Selangor.

Akhirnya Rang Undang-Undang Cukai Barangan dan Perkhidmatan (CBP-GST) diluluskan di Dewan Rakyat selepas dua kali percubaan sejak 2005 dan 2009.

Untuk ingatan umum, hujah utama pihak kerajaan persekutuan melaksanakan GST adalah bagi mengatasi kedudukan kewangan negara yang getir.

Perdana Menteri Najib Razak seperti DS Idris Jala juga, pernah menakut-nakutkan rakyat dengan risiko negara akan bankrap andainya tidak ditangani isu hutang dan defisit fiskal.

Pokoknya, Cukai Barangan dan Perkhidmatan (CBP atau GST) disarankan sebagai penyelesaian kemestian paling baik mengatasi masalah kewangan negara.

Benar bahawa GST bakal menjana pendapatan negara yang mewah. Antaranya kerana ‘Cukai Kepenggunaan’ ini  adalah cukai ‘pelbagai peringkat’ dalam rantaian kebakalan barangan.

Cukai ini juga dikenakan dengan tidak membezakan pendapatan (kaya atau miskin) serta umurnya (bayi atau orang tua).

Juga kerana lebih banyak barangan dan perkhidmatan dikenakan berbanding cukai lama SST.

Unjuran pendapatan adalah lebih RM20 bilion pada operasi optimanya.

Penulis mahu membedah hujah simplistik pihak kerajaan dengan lebih mendalam.

Sesungguhnya, hujah kerajaan nyata tempang dan meleset.

Diagnosis masalahnya tersasar dan preskripsi rawatannya kini bakal meninggalkan risiko yang parah mungkin maut kepada pesakit (rakyat).

Pertamanya, apakah sebabnya kerajaan BN menanggung defisit fiskal berterusan selama 16 tahun?

Mengapakah hutang kerajaan Persekutuan mencecah hampir 55% daripada KDNK yang tidak diizinkan oleh Akta Pinjaman Tempatan 1959?

Kedua-dua soalan ini mesti dijawab oleh Menteri Kewangan Najib Tun Razak secara tuntas dan penuh sedar.

Mengapakah Najib meletakkan ‘subsidi’ sebagai punca kebejatan kewangan negara? Dan mengapa penghapusan subsidi sebagai ‘preskripsi rawatan’?

Hutang kerajaan pusat bukanlah disebabkan oleh faktor ‘subsidi’ sahaja, bahkan sedikit kalau pun benar sumbangan subsidi.

Memangsakan ‘subsidi’ sebagai punca kebejatan hutang dan defisit fiskal adalah tidak tepat dan dangkal di segi analisis.

…baca seterusnya…

BN, Umno weak in handling the economy after GE13, survey shows

April 9, 2014

BY LEE SHI-IAN (TMI)
April 09, 2014

Barisan Nasional had a grand launching of its manifesto for the May 5 general election last year, but a new survey shows most Malaysians think it has failed to keep its election pledges. – The Malaysian Insider pic, April 9, 2014.Barisan Nasional had a grand launching of its manifesto for the May 5 general election last year, but a new survey shows most Malaysians think it has failed to keep its election pledges. – The Malaysian Insider pic, April 9, 2014.

 

Umno and Barisan Nasional (BN) have been floundering since the general election last May, with a new survey showing that more Malaysians are describing their performance as “very weak” especially in handling the national economy.

More than half 1,005 respondents polled in a survey commissioned  by The Malaysian Insider described BN’s performance since the 13th general election as “very weak” while 45% felt its lynchpin party Umno fared as poorly.

The respondents said the ruling coalition had failed to tackle rising cost of living or address economic concerns, displayed negative quality of leadership, and failed to keep election pledges and to tackle corruption.

Only 31% of respondents, who were polled via telephone, felt the BN, which won by a simple majority in the 13th general election, was doing an excellent job, while the rest were unsure or refused to commit.

Once again, Chinese respondents were almost unanimous in their disapproval of BN with Malay respondents slightly in favour of BN.

Both urban and rural voters said they were disappointed with BN’s performance with 53% of respondents aged 21 to 40 giving BN the thumbs down. Meanwhile, Umno’s performance from the last general election to March this year was described as “very weak” by 45% of the respondents.

Respondents were selected through random stratified sampling methods along the lines of ethnicity, gender and age, and covered all parliamentary constituencies in peninsular Malaysia.

The survey was carried out from March 7 to March 20, 2014 with the selection of respondents being proportional to the population in each parliamentary constituency.

The majority of Chinese respondents said that Umno’s performance had been weak while Malays and Indians were evenly split about the Malay party’s performance.

The survey did not give a rural-urban ethnic breakdown but said rural folk were split on the average over Umno’s performance while urban respondents were dissatisfied with the lynchpin of the BN coalition.

“The top issues which the rakyat are concerned about are cost of living, crime, corruption, national unity and employability,” the survey said.

An overwhelming number of respondents (40%), whether from the rural or urban areas, were concerned about the cost of living. Crime was second with 24%, corruption (13%), national unity (11%) and employability (7%).

Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak’s rating was good among the respondents with 42% saying that the Umno president had done an excellent job, while 39% gave him the thumbs down.

The survey also showed that Home Minister Datuk Seri Ahmad Zahid Hamidi was considered by Malay respondents to be the top performing leader.

Youth and Sports Minister Khairy Jamaluddin was second, followed by Defence Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein third.

Zahid was first choice for 15.2%, second choice for 8.1% and third choice for 5.2% of respondents.

Najib was in the fifth position, behind Deputy Prime Minister and Education Minister Tan Sri Muhyiddin Yassin.

Last week, a survey by Merdeka Center revealed that dissatisfaction among Malaysians with Najib increased from 40% in December last year to 44% in March. This came after Putrajaya faced heavy criticism over price hikes, among other issues.

The poll showed that Najib’s approval ratings remained unchanged at 52% last month compared with last December.

In December, Najib’s approval ratings slid to an all-time low of 52% following the series of painful measures to trim Malaysia’s chronic budget deficit.

The price hikes, however, caused public anger, culminating in an anti-price hike rally attended by tens of thousands of Malaysians at Dataran Merdeka in Kuala Lumpur on New Year’s Eve. – April 9, 2014.

Major Zaidi clears first obstacle in military court

April 8, 2014

11:58AM Apr 8, 2014 hmad Fadli KC (MKini)

 

The military court in Sungai Besi has accepted a preliminary objection by air force pilot Major Zaidi Ahmad against five charges, following his public remarks on the use of indelible ink for the 13th general election.

Presiding officer Colonel Saadon Hasnan will now refer these charges to the convening authority – Air Force Division 1 chief Major-General Azizool Arif Abdul Ghani – for further action.

Zaidi’s lawyer Mohd Hanipa Maidin lodged the objection to the charges brought under Section 50(2) of the Armed Forces Act 1972.

This states that anyone who disobeys any lawful command of his superior officer is liable to face a court-martial process, and may be jailed up to two years’ jail upon conviction.

Saadon, however, rejected the preliminary objection against two other charges under Section 51 of the Act.

These claim that Zaidi (right) had disobeyed the standing orders by sending two text-messages deemed to be political and seditious in nature:

Ayuh mempertahankan ibu pertiwi dari dijajah oleh penipu dan perasuah, jangan jadi bacul dan nanti anak cucu kencing di atas kubur kita.

(Let us defend the motherland from being colonised by cheats and corrupt people. Do not be a coward or our children and grandchildren will piss on our graves.)

Sama2lah kita berdoa agar Allah SWT memberi petunjuk dan hidayah kepada kita semua serta dilindungi negari kita yang tercinta dari diperintah oleh si Penzalim, pemfitnah, perasuah, penipu dan Penganjur program2 maksiat.

(Let us pray that Allah give us divine guidance to defend this land that we love from tyrants, liars, corrupt leaders and organisers of sinful programmes.)

Also at the hearing today were Bersih head Maria Chin Abdullah and PKR vice-president Tian Chua.

 

 

Merungkai perpecahan Melayu (Sinar Harian)

April 8, 2014

Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad

SAYA mulakan penulisan ini dengan tajuk perpecahan bangsa Melayu. Sebabnya, kerana persoalan ini acap kali dikemuka kepada saya di pentas forum dan masih tidak tertulis.

Buat permulaan izinkan saya tanya pembaca, benarkah Melayu berpecah? Jawapannya tidak semudah pilihan binari; ya atau tidak. Mungkin lebih mudah untuk mentakrif Melayu.

Menurut Perkara 160 (2) Perlembagaan Persekutuan, orang Melayu itu  mestilah beragama Islam, mengamalkan adat budaya Melayu, bertutur menggunakan bahasa Melayu. Nah kemelayuannya terletak pada Islamnya, adat dan bahasanya.

Tegasnya, agama orang Melayu itu Islam. Di segi itu, kedudukan orang Melayu istimewa. Walau dari gugusan mana sekali pun, Melayu disatukan Islam. Takrif ini telah menyatukan umat Melayu.

Tidak timbul Melayu berpecah kerana Islam, meskipun wujud ikhtilaf atau perbezaan di segi kefahaman dan amalan. Sangat sengit, contohnya terkini tentang penggunaan Kalimah ALLAH oleh bukan-Islam.

Maka mengajak Melayu bersatu dengan Islam bukan lagi satu imperatif atau kemestian. Hanya memaknakan penyatuan ini memerlukan pencerahan.

Beralih kepada proposisi apakah perpecahan Melayu kerana politik? Benarkah politik Melayu berpecah sejak awal? Jawapannya tidak. Sebabnya secara logik, untuk berpecah Melayu mesti pernah bersatu dulu di segi wadah perjuangannya. Hakikatnya pernahkah umat Melayu bersatu? Secara akademiknya tidak pernah.

Sebaliknya perjuangan era pra-kemerdekaan menyaksikan amalan kepelbagaian parti. Bangsa Melayu menunjukkan sikap toleransi dalam amalan kepelbagaian parti.

Sejarah awal politik menemukan kita dengan Kesatuan Melayu Muda seawal 1937. Parti Politik Baru Melayu muncul setelah tamat Perang Dunia Kedua yakni Parti Kebangsaan Melayu Malaya (PKMM). PKMM juga punya pelbagai wadah seperti Angkatan Pemuda Insaf (Api),
Angkatan Wanita Sedar (Awas) dan Majlis Agama Tertinggi Malaya (Mata).

Syor Malayan Union dari British mencetus penentangan kaum Melayu besar-besaran. Episod penggemblengan bantahan melahirkan Persatuan Kebangsaan Melayu Bersatu, Umno, pada 1946.

Ringkasnya, Umno mengemudi pencapaian kemerdekaan dengan pendekatan diplomasi sementara wadah perjuangan kemerdekaan lain memberikan tentangan politik secara konfrontasi kepada British. Aktivisme serta dinamika perjuangan politik tanah Melayu menarik.

Jelasnya, konstruk politik dan sistem demokrasi kepelbagaian parti terbina sejak berzaman. Umno berterusan memerintah negara, sama ada dalam Perikatan, kemudian dalam Barisan Nasional (BN), tidak bersama semua kelompok Melayu. Tidak timbul isu perpecahan Melayu.

Maka gugatan Melayu bakal kehilangan kuasa kalau tidak bersatu, ganjil kerana tidak punya naratif serta merit sejarah. Yang ketara, gembar-gembur perpecahan Melayu berulang setiap kali Umno, tercabar apabila kehilangan kuasa dua-pertiga majoriti di Parlimen.

Itu letak duduk perkara perpecahan Melayu dalam konteks politik. Ruang menghurai terhad. Apabila terus diterjah untuk bersatu, penulis memajukan satu paradigma di luar kotak.

Ini huraiannya. Ya, memang ada yang Melayu wajib bersatu. Melayu tidak punya pilihan. Sebaliknya, kalau umat Melayu enggan bersatu sekalipun, ia tetap menjadi kemestian. Bagaimana?

Penyatuan Melayu dalam formula ini mewajarkan pelbagai parti politik orang Melayu kekal, sama ada dalam Umno, Pas atau PKR atau dalam koalisi Barisan Nasional atau Pakatan Rakyat.

Ini erti bersatu dalam menunaikan tuntutan Semak-Imbang yang dianjurkan al-Quran (Al-Baqarah: 25) dalam kerangka siyasah syariah (politik Islam) bertujuan mencapai maqasid syariah dalam konstruk pemerintahan multi-party.

Bangsa Melayu mesti bersatu memartabat Islam sebagai Agama Persekutuan bagi menyerlahkan Islam sebagai agama rahmat yang menjamin keadilan dan kemakmuran untuk semua.

Islam mesti mendamaikan keberantakan pertentangan agama dan menjalin persaudaraan manusia sejagat, merentasi semua tembok pemisahan sekali gus membanteras perkauman sempit.

Bangsa Melayu mesti bersatu  dengan mengukuhkan institusi-institusi demokrasi. Umat Melayu mesti bertekad mensejahterakan rakyat dengan membangunkan sebuah ekonomi yang berdaya-saing, mapan, bebas rasuah, ketirisan, salah guna kuasa, bebas pembolotan serta pembaziran.

* Penulis Pengarah Eksekutif Pusat Penyelidikan Pas

* Ini adalah pendapat peribadi penulis yang dipetik dari blog beliau sendiri dan tidak semestinya mewakili pandangan Sinar Harian

Anti-GST placards waved as Bill is passed

April 7, 2014

 

 

8:00PM Apr 7, 2014 Aidila Razak (MKini)

PARLIAMENT Pakatan Rakyat MPs raised anti-goods and services tax placards in the Dewan Rakyat today as a last-ditch protest against the GST Bill 2014, which the Lower House later passed.

The placards were held up by the opposition bench as bloc votes were tabulated at the end of the first and second readings of the Bill.

A total of 118 MPs voted in favour of the GST Bill and 81 opposed after two days debate at the first reading stage, which started last Thursday.

Later, 119 MPs voted in favour of the Bill while 81 opposed in bloc voting at the second reading stage.

There was no debate during the committee stage level as opposing MPs did not ask for specific changes to the Bill, rather for the entire Bill to be retracted.

It now needs to be passed by the Dewan Negara and gazetted into law with the assent of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, before the controversial GST can be implemented on April 1 next year.

Although present for the vote, Prime Minister and Finance Minister Najib Abdul Razak did not wind up the debate, but left it to Deputy Finance Minister Ahmad Maslan.

‘IMF says we are right’

Winding up, Ahmad said that the International Monetary Fund’s March 2014 report said Malaysia’s proposed GST regime was not regressive as it provided safeguards for the poor.
He said simulations showed that those earning RM2,000 a month would only pay an additional RM15.06 a month in taxes under the GST, which could be “offset” through the Bantuan Rakyat 1Malaysia (BR1M).
However, Ahmad did not directly address questions from Dr Jeyakumar Devaraj (PSM-Sungai Siput) and Tony Pua (DAP-Petaling Jaya Utara) on the knock-on effects of inflation due to profiteering.
He also brushed off Charles Santiago (DAP-Klang), who pointed out that Canadian research showed a gaping income disparity as a result of 10 years of GST in that country.
Further, Rafizi Ramli (PKR-Pandan) said government data itself showed that inflation would rise with the GST, indicating that prices would indeed go up.
However, Ahmad said the government would launch an anti-profiteering campaign to ensure prices would not go up beyond the anticipated 1.8 percent.
“Whoever raises prices unnecessarily will be caught and sent to jail,” he said.
Responding to Santiago, Ahmad said 159 other countries that had implemented the GST did not suffer the same, so the government was not swayed by the Canadian example.
He also said that the government has researched the matter since the 1980s, and was adamant that this would be the best way to capture the black economy, which made up about a third of the gross domestic product.

GST: Who’s the liar, Barisan or Pakatan? …..Round 1!

April 6, 2014

April 06, 2014 (TMI)

Dzulkefly Ahmad

After much anticipation surrounding the introduction of a new Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime in Malaysia, the GST Bill 2014 was finally tabled in the parliament last Thursday. The raging debate is on.Much to the chagrin of the opposition MPs, despite their gallant fight to debate this bill, it is a fate accompli. The Barisan Nasional government will pass this bill regardless. A simple majority is all it takes to replace the existing Sales and Services Tax (SST), to this new consumption tax.

Since this writer is no longer an MP, let him debate the BN, nay the entire nation here. Let us be honest and call a spade a spade, shall we? Avail yourselves to debate with me, here and now? There are obviously many facets to this issue. Let us consider only one for today.

When the government bragged and bandied around in almost all their advertisements, that because the BN is gracious and care for the rakyat (People’s First), they now have replaced 2 taxes, i.e., the SST, with one tax, the GST.

Besides, they also claimed that (blissfully ignorant and oblivious perhaps), while the SST is 16% (Sales-10% and Services-6%), lo and behold, it is only 6% for GST now!

A deeper reflection on this ‘battle cry’ unfolds its pathetic lie quite evidently. It wouldn’t allow a discerning Malaysian to be easily fooled. If truly the rakyat-cum-tax-payers are to be better off with one GST than two SST, and 6% GST than 16% SST, i.e., paying less tax hence generating less income for the government’s coffers, would the government ever embark on replacing the existing tax system? Caught lying through their teeth again!

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